What is Broomball?

Broomball is a team sport that has gained popularity in various parts of the world, particularly in Canada and the United States. The game has similarities to ice hockey in terms of gameplay and the environment in which it is played. However, it has distinct rules, equipment, and playing techniques that make it unique.

The Origins of Broomball

The sport of broomball is believed to have originated in Canada in the early 20th century. It was initially played by street car workers using a small soccer ball and brooms for sticks. The exact origins are somewhat murky, but it’s clear that the sport was a creative adaptation of ice hockey, tailored to be more accessible to those who did not have access to traditional hockey equipment.

Early versions of broomball varied significantly in terms of rules and equipment. It was not until the mid-20th century that standardized rules began to emerge. These rules were influenced by both ice hockey and field hockey, creating a unique blend that characterizes broomball today.

The Game Play of Broomball

Broomball is played on an ice rink, typically the same size as a hockey rink. Each team consists of six players, including a goaltender. The objective of the game is to score more goals than the opposing team within a set time frame, usually divided into three periods.

Unlike ice hockey, players in broomball do not wear skates. Instead, they wear special shoes designed to provide traction on the ice. This aspect significantly influences the style of play, as players must balance and maneuver on the slippery surface without the aid of blades.

Equipment Used in Broomball

The equipment used in broomball is one of the aspects that most distinctly sets it apart from ice hockey. Players use a stick called a “broom,” which has a rubber-molded triangular head, unlike the bladed sticks used in hockey. The brooms were originally made from actual brooms, but modern broomball sticks are purpose-built for the sport.

The ball used in broomball is roughly the size of a soccer ball but is made of a dense rubber, allowing it to slide across the ice surface. This ball is much larger than a hockey puck, influencing the style of play and the strategies used by players.

Player Gear and Safety

Safety is a crucial aspect of broomball, as it is a contact sport played on a hard, slippery surface. Players wear helmets with face shields or cages, similar to those used in ice hockey. Body padding is also common, including elbow pads, shin guards, and gloves. These protective gears help reduce the risk of injury from falls, collisions, and being struck by the ball or a broom.

Goalkeepers wear additional protective gear, including chest protectors, leg pads, and special gloves. This equipment is crucial as goalkeepers are frequently in the line of fire from shots on goal.

Rules and Regulations

Broomball rules share some similarities with ice hockey but also have unique elements. The game is played in three periods, with the duration varying based on the level of play. At the recreational level, periods are often shorter than in competitive leagues.

Physical contact is allowed in broomball, but like hockey, there are restrictions to ensure player safety. Checking from behind, for instance, is typically prohibited. Penalties are awarded for infractions, which result in temporary player removal from the game and power plays for the opposing team.

Playing Techniques and Strategies

Playing broomball requires a unique set of skills and strategies. Players must be adept at moving on the ice without skates, which involves a distinct technique of sliding and balancing. Stick handling and passing are also crucial, as the large ball and broom-style sticks require different techniques compared to hockey.

Teams often employ various strategies, such as setting up plays for shots on goal or defensive formations to protect their net. The lack of skates means that players rely more on positioning and teamwork than on individual speed and agility.

Broomball Tournaments and Championships

Broomball has a competitive scene with various local, national, and international tournaments. These events attract teams from regions where broomball is popular, and they often feature different divisions based on skill level and age.

One of the most prestigious events in the sport is the World Broomball Championships, which brings together the best teams from around the globe. This tournament showcases the highest level of play and is a significant event in the broomball community.

Popularity and Growth of the Sport

Broomball has grown in popularity since its inception, with leagues and teams now found in many countries. The sport is particularly popular in Canada, the United States, and certain European countries. It appeals to a wide range of players due to its accessibility and the lower cost of equipment compared to ice hockey.

Community and school programs have helped to foster interest in broomball, introducing the sport to new generations of players. The social aspect of the game, along with its physical benefits, has contributed to its growth and popularity.


While this article does not include a conclusion, it provides a comprehensive overview of broomball, covering its origins, gameplay, equipment, rules, and global presence. This unique and exciting sport continues to attract new players and fans, contributing to its growing status in the world of recreational and competitive sports.