What Are the 8 Positions of Ballet?

An Introduction to Ballet

Ballet is a beautiful and graceful form of dance that has captivated audiences for centuries. One of the foundations of ballet technique lies in its eight fundamental positions. These positions serve as the building blocks upon which all ballet movements are based. In this blog post, we will explore each of these positions in detail, giving you a deeper understanding and appreciation for this elegant art form.

The First Position: Feet Turned Outward

The first position serves as the starting point for many ballet movements. To achieve the correct first position, stand with your heels together and toes pointing outward in opposite directions, forming a straight line from heel to toe.

The Second Position: Open Stance

In the second position, your feet are placed wider apart than in first position. This creates an open stance with your arms extended out to either side at shoulder level. Imagine drawing two lines from each foot directly outwards.

The Third Position: Heel Meets Arch

In third position, one foot is placed so that its heel meets the arch of the other foot. The heel should be approximately halfway between the arch and toes of the supporting foot.

The Fourth Position: Crossed Feet

To achieve fourth position, start by standing in third position but then slide one foot forward until it is just past the middle point between front and back. The feet should not be touching but crossed over each other horizontally.

The Fifth Position: Heel-to-Toe Alignment

Considered one of the most visually striking positions in ballet, fifth position requires crossing one leg tightly over another so that both heels touch toe to heel while maintaining turnout.

A Common Challenge with Fifth Position:

Maintaining proper alignment in fifth position can be a challenge, especially for beginners. It requires both flexibility and control to ensure that the weight is evenly distributed between both feet.

The Sixth Position: Open Fifth

Often considered an advanced position, the sixth position is a combination of first and second positions. The legs are crossed tightly at the ankles while opening up the arms to second position.

The Seventh Position: Heel Forward

In seventh position, one foot is placed slightly forward with its heel touching just below the arch of the other foot. This creates a diagonal line from one shoulder to opposite hip.

The Eighth Position: Stretched Toe Pointe

The eighth and final ballet position involves extending one leg forward or backward with a fully stretched toe on pointe or demi-pointe. The supporting leg may be positioned in any of the previous seven positions.


Understanding and mastering these eight positions lays a solid foundation for ballet dancers. By familiarizing yourself with each stance’s unique characteristics and practicing them regularly, you will develop strength, balance, and precision necessary to excel in this timeless art form. Whether you’re new to ballet or an experienced dancer looking to refine your technique, honing these fundamental positions will undoubtedly enhance your gracefulness as you dance across the stage.