Jaipur: The Jewel of the Turf

Jaipur: The Jewel of the Turf

Welcome to our guide on Jaipur, the vibrant and historic city known as the "Jewel of the Turf". Located in the heart of Rajasthan, India, Jaipur is a mesmerizing blend of rich culture, stunning architecture, and bustling markets. In this article, we will explore the top attractions, hidden gems, and must-see landmarks that make Jaipur a must-visit destination for travelers seeking an authentic Indian experience. Join us as we delve into the beauty and magic of Jaipur, the Jewel of the Turf.

History of Jaipur

Jaipur, also known as the Pink City, is the capital city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber. The city was planned and built by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Bengali architect, following the principles of Vastu Shastra and Shilpa Shastra.

Establishment of Jaipur

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II decided to establish a new capital city due to the increasing population and scarcity of water in Amber. He chose the location of Jaipur for its strategic advantage and laid the foundation of the city on 18 November 1727. The city was designed with wide streets, symmetrical buildings, and a centralized market square, reflecting the Maharaja’s vision of a well-planned city.

Role of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II was not only a visionary ruler but also a skilled mathematician and astronomer. He founded the Jantar Mantar observatories in Jaipur, Delhi, Ujjain, Mathura, and Varanasi, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites today. These observatories were used for astronomical observations and calculations, showcasing the Maharaja’s interest in science and technology.

Architectural Marvels

Jaipur is renowned for its architectural marvels, including the Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Amer Fort, and Jantar Mantar. The Hawa Mahal, or Palace of Winds, is a stunning five-story palace with intricately designed latticework windows that allowed royal women to observe street festivals without being seen. The City Palace is a magnificent complex of palaces, courtyards, and gardens that showcases the fusion of Rajput and Mughal architectural styles. Amer Fort, located on a hilltop overlooking Maota Lake, is a grand fort with intricate carvings, mirror work, and stunning views of the surrounding landscape. Lastly, the Jantar Mantar observatory is a collection of architectural astronomical instruments that were used for precise measurements of time, celestial movements, and other astronomical phenomena.

Culture and Tradition

Jaipur’s Festivals

Jaipur is known for its vibrant and colorful festivals that showcase the rich cultural heritage of the city. One of the most popular festivals celebrated in Jaipur is the Jaipur Literature Festival, which attracts authors, poets, and book lovers from around the world. The city also celebrates the Teej festival with great enthusiasm, where women dress in colorful traditional attire and participate in various cultural events. The Gangaur festival is another important celebration in Jaipur, dedicated to the Goddess Gauri and Lord Shiva. These festivals are a true reflection of Jaipur’s cultural vibrancy and traditional values.

Traditional Crafts

Jaipur is famous for its traditional crafts, which have been passed down from generation to generation. The city is known for its exquisite handcrafted jewelry, including Kundan and Meenakari work. The art of block printing and tie-dye is also a prominent craft in Jaipur, with artisans creating beautiful textiles and garments. The city’s bazaars are filled with handmade pottery, leather goods, and marble sculptures, showcasing the skills of local craftsmen. Visitors to Jaipur can explore these traditional crafts and even participate in workshops to learn more about the intricate techniques involved.


Jaipur’s cuisine is a delightful blend of flavors and spices, influenced by the rich culinary traditions of Rajasthan. The city is famous for its mouth-watering dishes, such as Dal Baati Churma, a hearty meal of lentil curry, baked bread rolls, and sweetened wheat flour. Laal Maas is another popular dish in Jaipur, made with tender pieces of meat cooked in a spicy red chili gravy. For those with a sweet tooth, Jaipur offers a variety of traditional desserts like Ghevar, Malpua, and Mawa Kachori. The city’s street food scene is also bustling, with vendors serving up delicious snacks like Pyaaz Kachori, Aloo Tikki, and Mirchi Bada. Jaipur’s cuisine is a true reflection of the city’s rich culture and heritage, offering a culinary experience like no other.

Tourist Attractions

Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal, also known as the "Palace of Winds", is a stunning five-story building made of red and pink sandstone. Its unique honeycomb design with over 900 windows allows cool air to circulate through the building, making it a perfect spot to escape the scorching heat of Jaipur. Visitors can admire the intricate latticework and beautiful architecture while learning about the history of this iconic landmark.

Amber Fort

Perched on a hilltop overlooking Maota Lake, Amber Fort is a majestic fusion of Hindu and Mughal architecture. Visitors can explore the grand courtyards, intricate marble carvings, and stunning mirror work while enjoying panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. Don’t miss the chance to take an elephant ride up to the fort for a truly unforgettable experience.

Jantar Mantar

Built in the 18th century by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory consisting of a collection of architectural instruments. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the largest of its kind in the world. Visitors can marvel at the precision and accuracy of the instruments used to track celestial bodies and measure time. Jantar Mantar is a must-visit for history buffs and astronomy enthusiasts alike.

Shopping in Jaipur

When visiting Jaipur, shopping is a must-do activity for tourists. The city is known for its vibrant markets, offering a wide variety of goods ranging from traditional handicrafts to precious gemstones. Here are some highlights of shopping in Jaipur:

Jaipur’s Markets

Jaipur is famous for its bustling markets, each offering a unique shopping experience. The most popular markets include Johari Bazaar, Bapu Bazaar, and Tripolia Bazaar. These markets are known for their lively atmosphere and diverse range of products, making them a paradise for shoppers.

Handicrafts and Jewelry

Jaipur is renowned for its exquisite handicrafts and jewelry. Visitors can find beautifully crafted items such as pottery, leather goods, and metalwork in the city’s markets. Additionally, Jaipur is known as the "Gemstone Capital of the World", offering a wide selection of precious and semi-precious stones for purchase.


Jaipur is also famous for its colorful textiles, including block-printed fabrics, embroidered garments, and traditional Rajasthani attire. Visitors can explore the city’s textile markets to find unique clothing items and home decor products. Jaipur’s textiles are known for their intricate designs and high-quality craftsmanship, making them popular souvenirs for tourists.

Overall, shopping in Jaipur is a delightful experience that allows visitors to immerse themselves in the city’s rich culture and heritage. From vibrant markets to exquisite handicrafts, Jaipur offers a diverse range of shopping opportunities for all tastes and preferences.

Jaipur as a Travel Destination

Jaipur, also known as the Pink City, is a vibrant city located in the royal state of Rajasthan, India. It is a popular tourist destination that offers a perfect blend of rich history, culture, and modern amenities. From majestic palaces to bustling markets, Jaipur has something to offer for every type of traveler.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Jaipur is during the winter months from October to March when the weather is pleasant and ideal for exploring the city. The temperature during this time ranges from 15°C to 25°C, making it perfect for sightseeing and outdoor activities. Avoid visiting Jaipur during the summer months as the temperature can soar above 40°C, making it uncomfortable for tourists.

Accommodation Options

Jaipur offers a wide range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. From luxury heritage hotels like Rambagh Palace and Taj Jai Mahal Palace to budget-friendly guesthouses and hostels, there is no shortage of places to stay in Jaipur. For a truly royal experience, consider staying in one of the heritage hotels that have been converted from former palaces.


Getting around Jaipur is easy with various transportation options available. The city has a well-connected network of buses, auto-rickshaws, and taxis that make it convenient to travel from one place to another. Hiring a private car or booking a guided tour is also a popular choice for tourists who want to explore Jaipur at their own pace. Additionally, Jaipur is also well-connected by air, rail, and road, making it easily accessible from major cities in India.


In conclusion, Jaipur truly lives up to its nickname as the Jewel of the Turf. With its rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning architecture, this city has a unique charm that captivates visitors from all around the world. Whether you’re exploring the majestic palaces, shopping in the bustling markets, or simply soaking in the beauty of the Pink City, Jaipur offers a truly unforgettable experience. So next time you’re planning a trip to India, be sure to include Jaipur on your itinerary – you won’t be disappointed.