How to Get Started in Nordic Combined

How to Get Started in Nordic Combined

Are you eager to embark on the thrilling journey of Nordic Combined, a unique winter sport that combines ski jumping and cross-country skiing? Whether you are an experienced athlete or a beginner with a passion for winter sports, this comprehensive guide will provide you with essential tips and guidance to get started in Nordic Combined. Discover the fundamental techniques, necessary equipment, and training methods required to excel in this exhilarating discipline. Join us as we delve into the world of Nordic Combined and unlock the secrets to becoming a successful Nordic Combined athlete.

Choosing the Right Equipment

When it comes to Nordic Combined, selecting the appropriate equipment is crucial for a successful start. There are three main components to consider: ski selection, boot selection, and binding selection. Let’s dive into each one of them:

Ski Selection

Choosing the right skis is vital as they are the foundation of Nordic Combined. Skis for Nordic Combined are different from those used in cross-country skiing or ski jumping, as they need to be versatile for both disciplines. Here are a few factors to keep in mind when selecting your skis:

  1. Length: The length of your skis should be based on your weight and skiing ability. Generally, longer skis provide more stability, while shorter skis offer better maneuverability.
  2. Flexibility: The flexibility of the skis affects how they respond to your movements. Stiffer skis provide more power and stability, while softer skis offer better control and maneuverability.
  3. Sidecut: The sidecut of the skis determines their turning ability. Skis with a deeper sidecut are easier to turn, while skis with a shallower sidecut provide more stability.

Ensure to consult with an experienced Nordic Combined athlete or a knowledgeable salesperson when selecting your skis. They can guide you based on your specific needs and skill level.

Boot Selection

Having comfortable and well-fitting boots is essential for optimal performance in Nordic Combined. Here are a few factors to consider when choosing your boots:

  1. Fit: The boots should fit snugly but not be too tight. Your toes should have room to wiggle, and your heel should be securely held in place to prevent blisters and ensure proper control.
  2. Support: Nordic Combined boots need to offer excellent support for both skiing and ski jumping. Look for boots with sturdy ankle support and a firm sole to maximize power transfer and stability.
  3. Flexibility: The boots should have a flexible sole to allow for a natural range of motion when skiing. However, they should also provide enough rigidity to stabilize your foot during ski jumping.

Again, consulting with experts or experienced athletes is recommended to find boots that suit your feet and specific requirements.

Binding Selection

Bindings are the crucial link between your boots and skis, and they play a significant role in ensuring a secure and efficient connection. Consider the following factors when selecting your bindings:

  1. Compatibility: Ensure that the bindings you choose are compatible with both your boots and skis. Different brands and models may have specific requirements, so double-check before making a purchase.
  2. Adjustability: Nordic Combined bindings should allow for adjustments to find the optimal position for both skiing and ski jumping. This adjustability enables you to customize the binding’s flex and position to suit your preferences and technique.
  3. Durability: Nordic Combined can be demanding on equipment, so it’s essential to choose bindings known for their durability and reliability. Look for bindings made with high-quality materials and a solid construction.

Taking the time to research and select the right equipment will not only enhance your performance but also contribute to your safety and enjoyment while practicing Nordic Combined. Remember to always prioritize comfort, functionality, and compatibility when making your choices.

Mastering the Ski Jump

The ski jump is a critical component of Nordic Combined and mastering it is essential for success in the sport. Here are some key points to understand about this technique.

Understanding the Technique

To excel in the ski jump, it is crucial to understand the proper technique. The key elements include:

  1. Body Position: Maintaining the correct body position is essential for a successful ski jump. A forward-leaning posture while in the air helps in achieving a longer jump distance.

  2. Balance and Stability: Maintaining balance and stability throughout the entire jump is crucial. This is achieved through proper weight distribution and body control.

  3. Takeoff Timing: Timing the takeoff is of utmost importance. Jumpers need to synchronize their movements to maximize the launch and achieve the desired distance.

Practicing Takeoff and Landing

Practicing takeoff and landing is essential to fine-tune your ski jump technique. Here are some tips to help you improve:

  1. Takeoff Practice: Start by practicing the takeoff technique on smaller jumps. Focus on getting the timing right and maintaining a proper body position. Gradually increase the difficulty level as you gain confidence and proficiency.

  2. Landing Technique: Landing plays a crucial role in both maintaining balance and maximizing your jump distance. Practice landing with a slight forward lean, absorbing the impact with your legs, and maintaining stability upon touchdown.

  3. Video Analysis: Recording your practice jumps and analyzing them can provide valuable insights. Identify areas for improvement, such as body position, timing, or balance, and work on refining those aspects.

Improving Jump Distance

Increasing jump distance is a key objective for any Nordic Combined athlete. Here are some strategies to help you improve your jump distance:

  1. Strength and Conditioning: Building lower body strength and explosive power through targeted exercises can significantly enhance your jumping ability. Focus on exercises such as squats, lunges, and plyometrics to develop the necessary leg power.

  2. Technique Refinement: Continuously refine your technique by practicing proper body position, timing, and balance. Work closely with your coach to identify any areas for improvement and make necessary adjustments.

  3. Mental Preparation: Mental preparation plays a vital role in achieving longer jump distances. Visualize successful jumps, maintain a positive mindset, and focus on executing the technique flawlessly during training and competition.

Remember, mastering the ski jump takes time and dedication. Consistent practice, attention to detail, and a strong focus on technique will ultimately lead to improved jump distances and success in Nordic Combined.

Building Endurance and Strength

Cardiovascular Training

Cardiovascular training is essential for Nordic combined athletes as it helps improve their endurance and overall cardiovascular fitness. Engaging in activities such as running, cycling, swimming, or using cardio machines like the elliptical or rowing machine can greatly benefit athletes. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate to high-intensity cardio exercises, three to four times a week. Gradually increase the duration and intensity of your workouts to push your limits and enhance your cardiovascular capacity.

Strength Training

Strength training plays a crucial role in Nordic combined as it helps build the power and muscle strength needed to perform at a high level. Incorporate exercises that target the major muscle groups, including squats, lunges, deadlifts, bench presses, and shoulder presses. Additionally, exercises that specifically target the lower body, such as plyometric jumps and single-leg exercises, can be highly beneficial. Aim for two to three strength training sessions per week, focusing on different muscle groups each time. Start with lighter weights and gradually increase the resistance as you progress.


Cross-training is an excellent way to supplement your Nordic combined training and prevent overuse injuries. Engaging in different activities helps work different muscle groups and provides a mental break from the main sport. Consider incorporating activities like swimming, yoga, Pilates, or even team sports like soccer or basketball. These activities can help improve flexibility, balance, coordination, and overall body strength. Aim for one to two cross-training sessions per week, ideally on rest days or as a way to active recovery after intense training sessions.

Remember, consistency and proper form are key in any training program. Gradually increase the intensity and duration of your workouts, listen to your body, and make sure to include rest days for recovery. By following a well-rounded training routine that includes cardiovascular training, strength training, and cross-training, you’ll be on your way to excelling in Nordic combined.

Developing Cross-Country Skiing Skills

Cross-country skiing is an essential skill to master if you want to excel in Nordic combined. This discipline combines ski jumping and cross-country skiing, making it crucial to develop strong skiing abilities. Here are some tips to help you improve your cross-country skiing skills:

Mastering Classic Technique

  1. Proper Body Position: Maintain a forward-leaning position while skiing. Keep your chest up and slightly bent forward at the hips. This position helps with balance and enables efficient gliding.

  2. Weight Distribution: Distribute your weight evenly between both skis to maintain stability. Make sure to transfer your body weight smoothly from one ski to the other while gliding.

  3. Glide and Kick: Focus on the rhythm of gliding and kicking. Push off your ski’s inside edge to propel yourself forward and create momentum. Coordinate the kick of one ski with the glide of the other to maintain a smooth and efficient movement.

  4. Pole Placement: Proper pole placement is crucial in classic skiing. Plant your poles firmly in the snow and push off using your arms and upper body strength. Coordinate your pole plant with the opposite leg’s kick for an effective and synchronized movement.

Learning Skate Technique

Skate technique is another essential skill to develop in Nordic combined. It involves a different movement pattern than classic skiing and requires a unique set of skills. Here are some tips to help you improve your skate technique:

  1. V-Technique: Master the V-technique, which involves pushing off the inner edge of one ski while gliding on the outer edge of the other. Practice the V-motion while maintaining a steady rhythm and fluid movement.

  2. Balance and Control: Maintain a low and balanced stance while skating. Bend your knees and keep your body centered over your skis. This position enhances stability and control during turns and accelerations.

  3. Pole Push: Utilize your pole push to generate power and momentum. As you push off with one ski, simultaneously plant your pole firmly in the snow and push with your upper body to propel yourself forward.

  4. Weight Transfer: Master the weight transfer between skis while skating. Shift your body weight from one ski to the other in a smooth and coordinated manner. This transfer of weight aids in maintaining balance and improving overall efficiency.

Improving Speed and Efficiency

Once you have mastered the basic techniques of cross-country skiing, it’s time to focus on improving your speed and efficiency. Here are a few strategies to help you achieve this:

  1. Interval Training: Incorporate interval training into your regular skiing routine. Alternate between high-intensity bursts of speed and recovery periods to build endurance and increase your overall speed.

  2. Strength and Conditioning: Engage in specific strength and conditioning exercises to improve your skiing performance. Focus on exercises that target your leg muscles, core stability, and upper body strength.

  3. Proper Equipment: Ensure you have the right equipment for Nordic combined. Invest in high-quality skis, boots, and poles that suit your skiing style and body measurements. Well-maintained equipment can significantly enhance your speed and efficiency on the snow.

  4. Video Analysis: Use video analysis as a tool to identify areas of improvement in your technique. Film yourself while skiing and analyze your movements to identify any flaws or areas that need enhancement. Seek guidance from coaches or experienced skiers to refine your technique further.

By following these tips and consistently practicing your cross-country skiing skills, you will gradually improve your performance in Nordic combined. Remember, patience, dedication, and a love for the sport are key factors in achieving success. Happy skiing!

Getting Started in Competitions

Competing in Nordic Combined can be an exciting and challenging endeavor. Whether you are a beginner or have some experience in skiing and ski jumping, participating in competitions can take your skills to the next level. Here are some important steps to get started in Nordic Combined competitions.

Understanding Competition Formats

Before diving into the world of Nordic Combined competitions, it’s crucial to understand the various formats that exist. Nordic Combined combines two disciplines: cross-country skiing and ski jumping. The competitions are usually divided into individual events and team events.

In individual events, athletes compete in both ski jumping and cross-country skiing. The scores from both disciplines are combined to determine the winner. Team events involve a team of athletes competing together, with each member contributing to the team’s overall score.

It’s important to familiarize yourself with the specific rules and regulations of the competition formats you wish to participate in. This will help you prepare effectively and understand the requirements for success in each event.

Joining a Nordic Combined Club

Joining a Nordic Combined club is a great way to immerse yourself in the sport and gain access to training opportunities and resources. These clubs provide coaching, equipment, and a supportive community of athletes who share your passion for Nordic Combined.

Research and identify Nordic Combined clubs in your area or region. Reach out to them to inquire about membership and training programs. Joining a club will not only provide you with the necessary training but also offer guidance on competition preparation, technique improvement, and overall skill development.

Participating in Local Events

Participating in local events is an excellent way to gain experience and confidence in Nordic Combined competitions. These events are usually less competitive and offer a friendly environment for beginners to test their skills.

Keep an eye out for local competitions or events organized by your Nordic Combined club or other organizations. Participating in these events will help you become familiar with the competition atmosphere, rules, and procedures. It’s an opportunity to showcase your abilities, receive feedback, and set personal goals for improvement.

Remember to approach local events with a positive mindset and focus on enjoying the experience rather than solely focusing on winning. The more events you participate in, the more comfortable you will become in the competitive environment.

In conclusion, getting started in Nordic Combined competitions requires understanding the competition formats, joining a Nordic Combined club, and participating in local events. By following these steps, you will be on your way to becoming a skilled and competitive Nordic Combined athlete.

In conclusion, Nordic Combined is a thrilling and challenging sport that combines the skills of ski jumping and cross-country skiing. By following the steps outlined in this article, beginners can get started in this unique and exciting winter sport. From understanding the equipment and training techniques to developing the necessary skills and techniques, aspiring Nordic Combined athletes can embark on a journey of physical fitness and personal growth. So, take the plunge and embrace the world of Nordic Combined – a sport that offers a perfect blend of athleticism, endurance, and exhilaration. Happy skiing!