How Is Archery Scored?

Archery is a captivating sport that has been practiced for centuries. It requires precision, focus, and skill to hit the target with an arrow. But have you ever wondered how archers are scored during competitions? In this blog post, we will delve into the details of archery scoring and shed light on its intricacies.

The Basics of Archery Scoring

In archery competitions, each arrow shot by an archer is assigned a score based on its proximity to the center of the target. The closer an arrow lands to the bullseye, the higher the score it receives.

The Target Face

The standard target used in competitive archery consists of ten concentric rings, which are divided into different colors or zones. The outermost ring carries the lowest value while the innermost ring surrounding the bullseye holds the highest value.

Ring Values:

  • Bullseye (Yellow): Highest Value (usually 10 points)
  • Inner Ring (Red): High Value (usually 9 points)
  • Middle Ring (Blue): Moderate Value (usually 8 points)
  • Outer Ring (Black): Low Value (usually 7 points)

Please note that specific tournament rules may vary and assign different point values to each zone or use alternative color schemes.

Taking Shots and Recording Scores

A typical round in archery consists of shooting a predetermined number of arrows at a set distance from a fixed position called “the shooting line.” Once all arrows have landed on the target face, individuals or teams record their scores before retrieving their arrows.

To ensure fairness and accuracy, archers typically shoot their arrows in alternating order. This means that each competitor shoots one arrow at a time, taking turns until all arrows have been shot.

Summing Up the Scores

To determine the final score for each round of archery, the scores of all arrows are added together. The highest possible score achievable is often determined by multiplying the number of arrows shot by the maximum value per arrow (e.g., 10 points) to provide a benchmark for exceptional performance.

In team competitions, individual scores are combined to obtain an overall team score. Sometimes, additional scoring rules apply in specific tournaments or events such as bonus points for hitting certain predefined targets or achieving exceptional accuracy.

The Role of Judges

In competitive archery settings, judges play a crucial role in ensuring fair scoring and enforcing rules during matches. They closely observe every arrow’s landing position through binoculars or spotting scopes to determine its exact value based on where it lies within the target rings.

Fair Play and Sportsmanship

Archery is not merely about hitting targets; it also promotes values such as fair play and sportsmanship among participants. Archers are expected to compete with integrity, abiding by ethical standards set forth by official governing bodies. It is vital to respect these principles while engaging in this thrilling sport.


Archery scoring involves assigning points based on an arrow’s proximity to the center of the target face. Various colors or zones represent different point values within concentric rings on the target. By summing up individual scores from multiple rounds and applying any relevant bonus point systems, winners can be determined fairly in both individual and team competitions.

Remember that beyond scoring numbers lie core qualities like focus, determination, discipline, and respect for fellow competitors. Archery remains a captivating sport that challenges both the body and mind, making it an exhilarating experience for participants and spectators alike.