Hammer Throw Equipment: A Complete Guide

Hammer Throw Equipment: A Complete Guide

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on hammer throw equipment! Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced athlete, having the right equipment is crucial for improving your performance in this challenging sport. In this article, we will walk you through everything you need to know about hammer throw equipment, from the different types of hammers and handles to the essential safety gear required. So, let’s dive in and discover the key components that will help you excel in the hammer throw event.

Overview of Hammer Throw Equipment

Hammer Throw

The hammer throw is a track and field event that requires athletes to throw a heavy metal ball attached to a grip. It is a technical and explosive sport that demands strength, coordination, and the right equipment.

Hammer Throw Equipment

To participate in the hammer throw, athletes need specific equipment that caters to the demands of the event. The primary equipment includes:

  1. Hammer: The hammer used in the event consists of a metal ball, usually made of iron or steel, attached to a steel wire or cable. The ball weighs between 7.26 kilograms (16 pounds) for men and 4 kilograms (8.82 pounds) for women. The wire or cable measures around 1.2 meters (4 feet) in length and connects to a grip.

  2. Grip: The grip is an essential part of the hammer throw equipment as it allows athletes to hold and control the hammer during the throw. It is made of a durable material, often synthetic, and is designed to provide a secure and comfortable grip for the athlete. The grip is attached to the end of the steel wire or cable.

  3. Gloves: Gloves are crucial for hammer throwers as they provide additional grip and prevent the hands from being injured by the friction caused by the wire or cable during the throw. The gloves are usually made of leather or a synthetic material that offers good traction and protection.

  4. Shoes: Proper footwear is essential for hammer throwers to maintain stability and generate power during the throw. Hammer throw shoes have a unique design with a flat and wide sole, allowing athletes to maintain balance and gain traction on the throwing circle. These shoes often have a reinforced toe cap to withstand the forces exerted during the rotation and release of the hammer.

  5. Throwing Circle: The throwing circle is a designated area where athletes perform the hammer throw. It is a flat circular platform made of concrete or other sturdy materials. The circle has a diameter of 2.135 meters (7 feet) and is marked with boundaries and sector lines to ensure fair throws.

Importance of Proper Equipment

Having the right hammer throw equipment is crucial for several reasons:

  1. Safety: Properly designed equipment, such as gloves and shoes, helps protect the athlete from injuries that may occur during the intense throwing motion. It minimizes the risk of hand and foot injuries, ensuring the athlete can perform at their best without compromising their well-being.

  2. Performance: The right equipment enhances an athlete’s performance by providing the necessary grip, balance, and stability. It allows athletes to generate maximum force and control during the throw, resulting in better distances and accuracy.

  3. Compliance: Using the correct hammer throw equipment is essential to comply with the rules and regulations of the sport. Each piece of equipment, including the hammer weight and dimensions, must meet the specific requirements set by governing bodies to ensure fair competition among athletes.

In conclusion, hammer throw equipment plays a vital role in the sport, enabling athletes to perform at their peak while ensuring their safety. The right combination of hammer, grip, gloves, shoes, and a proper throwing circle creates an optimal environment for hammer throwers to excel in their discipline.

Hammer Throw Equipment Components


The hammer is the main component of the hammer throw equipment. It consists of a metal ball, usually made of iron or steel, attached to a wire and handle. The weight of the hammer varies depending on the gender and age category of the athlete. For men, the hammer typically weighs 16 pounds (7.26 kg), while for women, it weighs 8.82 pounds (4 kg). The hammer’s spherical head is constructed with a sturdy material to withstand the force exerted during the throw.

Wire and Handle

The wire and handle are crucial parts of the hammer throw equipment as they connect the hammer’s head to the athlete’s hand. The wire is typically made of a strong and flexible material, such as steel, to ensure durability and proper weight distribution. It allows the hammer to rotate freely during the throw, enabling the athlete to generate maximum momentum. The handle, usually made of a non-slip material, provides a firm grip for the athlete, ensuring control and stability throughout the throw.


Hammer throw gloves are essential for athletes to maintain a secure and comfortable grip on the handle. These gloves are typically made of high-quality leather or synthetic materials that offer excellent grip and prevent slippage. They are designed to absorb sweat and provide a cushioning effect, reducing the risk of blisters or hand injuries. The gloves also help in improving the overall throwing technique by enhancing the connection between the athlete’s hand and the handle, allowing for better control and power during the throw.

Remember, having the right hammer throw equipment components, including a well-balanced hammer, sturdy wire and handle, and reliable gloves, is crucial to ensure optimal performance and safety in this highly technical and competitive sport.

Choosing the Right Hammer Throw Equipment

When it comes to excelling in the sport of hammer throw, having the right equipment is crucial. This guide will provide you with all the information you need to choose the perfect hammer throw equipment for your needs.

Weight and Size

The weight and size of the hammer throw equipment play a significant role in determining your performance. As a general rule, the weight of the hammer should be appropriate for your strength and skill level. If you are a beginner, it is advisable to start with a lighter hammer and gradually increase the weight as you progress.

When considering the size of the hammer, it is essential to ensure that it conforms to the regulations set by the governing body of the sport. The length of the wire and the size of the ball should comply with the specified measurements to ensure fair competition and accurate results.


The material used in the construction of the hammer throw equipment affects its durability and performance. Most hammers are made of either steel or brass. Steel hammers are known for their strength and resilience, making them a popular choice among experienced throwers. On the other hand, brass hammers are generally lighter, which can be advantageous for beginners or athletes with less upper body strength.

When choosing the material, it is also important to consider your personal preferences and throwing style. Some athletes may find that one material provides a better grip or feel during the throw, leading to improved performance. Ultimately, it is recommended to try out different materials and see which one suits you best.


Having a secure and comfortable grip on the hammer is essential for a successful throw. The grip is usually provided by a handle, which can be made of various materials like wood, synthetic polymers, or wrapped in grip tape.

The handle should be long enough to allow for a solid grip without being too cumbersome. It should also provide sufficient friction to prevent the hammer from slipping out of your hand during the throw. Some throwers may prefer a textured grip surface, while others may opt for a smoother one, depending on personal preference and throwing technique.

When selecting the grip material, it is important to consider factors such as durability, comfort, and maintenance requirements. Additionally, it is recommended to periodically check the grip for any signs of wear and tear, as a worn-out grip can compromise your performance and potentially lead to accidents.

By carefully considering the weight and size, material, and grip of your hammer throw equipment, you can ensure that you have the right tools to excel in this exhilarating sport. Remember to consult with experienced throwers or coaches for additional guidance and always prioritize safety during training and competitions.

In conclusion, this complete guide on hammer throw equipment has provided a comprehensive overview of the essential tools and gear required for this athletic discipline. From the hammer itself to the gloves, shoes, and protective equipment, each aspect has been thoroughly explored to ensure athletes have a clear understanding of what they need to excel in this sport. By investing in high-quality and suitable equipment, hammer throwers can enhance their performance, minimize the risk of injury, and maximize their potential. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned professional, this guide serves as a valuable resource to help you make informed decisions when it comes to hammer throw equipment.