10 Must-Know Rhythmic Gymnastics Moves for Beginners

10 Must-Know Rhythmic Gymnastics Moves for Beginners

Are you a beginner in the world of rhythmic gymnastics? Look no further! This article is here to guide you through the top 10 essential moves that every beginner should know. Rhythmic gymnastics is a beautiful and expressive sport that combines elements of ballet, dance, and gymnastics. Whether you are looking to compete or simply want to improve your flexibility and coordination, these must-know moves will set you on the right path. From basic stretches to elegant leaps and turns, this comprehensive guide will help you master the fundamentals of rhythmic gymnastics. So, let’s get started and embark on this exciting journey together!

Basic Moves

Split Leap

The split leap is a fundamental move in rhythmic gymnastics that requires flexibility and strength. To perform a split leap, follow these steps:

  1. Start with your feet together and arms raised above your head.
  2. Jump into the air, extending your legs to the sides and bringing your arms down to your sides.
  3. While in the air, split your legs as wide as possible, forming a perfect split.
  4. Land with one foot in front of the other, maintaining balance and control.

Remember to keep your back straight, engage your core muscles, and point your toes for a clean and elegant split leap.

Pivot Turn

The pivot turn is another essential move in rhythmic gymnastics that involves spinning on one foot. Follow these instructions to perform a pivot turn correctly:

  1. Start with your feet together and arms extended in front of you.
  2. Shift your weight to one foot while lifting the other leg slightly off the ground.
  3. Push off the floor with the supporting foot and begin rotating on the ball of that foot.
  4. Keep your arms extended and your body straight as you complete a full 360-degree turn.
  5. Land softly on the same foot you started with, maintaining your balance throughout the turn.

Practice the pivot turn on both the left and right foot to develop equal strength and coordination.


The chassé is a dynamic move in rhythmic gymnastics that involves a quick and graceful sideways movement. Follow these steps to perform a chassé effectively:

  1. Start with your feet together and arms by your sides.
  2. Take a step to the side with your right foot, shifting your weight onto that foot.
  3. Slide your left foot towards the right foot, keeping it off the ground.
  4. Push off with your right foot and bring your left foot back to its original position.
  5. Repeat the same movement to the opposite side, starting with your left foot.

Ensure that your movements are smooth and controlled, maintaining a steady rhythm throughout the chassé. Practice this move to improve your agility and coordination.

Mastering these basic moves will lay a solid foundation for your rhythmic gymnastics journey. Remember to practice regularly, focus on proper form, and seek guidance from a qualified coach to progress effectively.

Balance Moves


One of the fundamental balance moves in rhythmic gymnastics is the Arabesque. This move requires a great deal of flexibility and strength in the legs and core. To perform an Arabesque, the gymnast stands on one leg while extending the other leg straight out behind them. The back is kept straight, and the arms can be extended either to the sides or overhead for added balance and elegance. The goal is to maintain a steady and controlled position while holding the Arabesque.


Another important balance move for beginners in rhythmic gymnastics is the Scale. Similar to the Arabesque, the Scale also requires strong leg and core muscles. To execute a Scale, the gymnast stands on one leg and lifts the other leg forward, keeping it parallel to the ground. The arms can be positioned in various ways, such as extended to the sides or held in front for better balance. The key is to find stability and maintain a straight posture throughout the movement.


The Attitude is a balance move that adds grace and elegance to a gymnast’s routine. This move involves standing on one leg and bending the other leg at the knee, lifting it towards the side. The lifted leg is turned outwards with the foot positioned near the knee or ankle of the supporting leg, creating a visually appealing shape. The arms can be placed in different positions, such as extended to the sides or held in front. Maintaining proper alignment and balance while executing the Attitude is crucial for a polished performance.

These three balance moves, the Arabesque, Scale, and Attitude, are essential for beginners in rhythmic gymnastics. They not only help improve flexibility and strength but also contribute to the overall aesthetics and poise of a gymnast’s routine. Practice and focus on mastering these moves will enhance a gymnast’s ability to perform more advanced techniques in the future.

Jumping Moves


One of the fundamental jumping moves in rhythmic gymnastics is the Sissonne. This move involves jumping from two feet and landing on one foot with the other leg extended either to the front, side, or back. It requires strength, balance, and coordination. The Sissonne can be performed in various directions, adding flair and creativity to a gymnast’s routine. It is commonly used as a transition move between different elements in a routine.


Another essential jumping move for beginners in rhythmic gymnastics is the sauté. This move is a simple jump performed with both feet leaving the ground at the same time and landing simultaneously. It is a basic move that helps develop coordination and control. The sauté can be performed in different positions, such as straight legs, bent knees, or with legs crossed, adding variety to a routine. Gymnasts often incorporate the sauté into their sequences to showcase their leaping ability and grace.

Cat Leap

The cat leap is a graceful and elegant jumping move that requires flexibility, strength, and precision. It involves jumping from two feet and landing on one foot while the other leg extends behind in a split position. The cat leap showcases a gymnast’s agility and control, as they must maintain their balance throughout the movement. It is a visually appealing move that adds fluidity and beauty to a routine. Gymnasts often incorporate the cat leap to demonstrate their artistic and expressive abilities on the gymnastics floor.

These jumping moves, including the Sissonne, sauté, and cat leap, are essential for beginners in rhythmic gymnastics. Mastering these moves will provide a strong foundation for more advanced techniques and routines. With practice and dedication, gymnasts can showcase their talent, strength, and grace through these impressive jumping moves.

Spinning Moves


A pirouette is a classic spinning move in rhythmic gymnastics that requires balance, control, and grace. It involves the gymnast spinning on one foot while keeping the body straight and arms extended. The goal is to achieve multiple rotations while maintaining a steady and controlled spin. Pirouettes can be performed in both clockwise and counterclockwise directions, adding variety and complexity to routines.


The fouetté is another spinning move commonly seen in rhythmic gymnastics. It is characterized by quick and continuous turns executed on one leg, usually with the other leg extended in a graceful pose. The gymnast starts the rotation by pushing off the ground with the supporting leg and uses momentum to spin rapidly. Fouettés can be performed in different variations, such as with arms held in various positions or with jumps incorporated for added flair.

Chainé Turn

The chainé turn is a fundamental spinning move in rhythmic gymnastics that involves a series of small, continuous turns performed while traveling in a straight line. It requires precise footwork, coordination, and spotting technique. The gymnast rotates on the balls of both feet, alternating between legs with each turn. The chainé turn can be executed in various directions and can be combined with other movements to create visually appealing sequences.

Spinning moves are essential in rhythmic gymnastics as they showcase the gymnast’s control, balance, and ability to maintain grace while in motion. Mastering these spinning techniques is vital for beginners as they lay the foundation for more advanced routines and performances. Practice, consistency, and proper technique are key to achieving smooth and captivating spins in rhythmic gymnastics.

In conclusion, learning the 10 must-know rhythmic gymnastics moves for beginners is an essential step in mastering this elegant and captivating sport. From mastering the fundamental moves such as the toe point and the pivot turn, to more advanced techniques like the ribbon wave and the hoop spin, each move contributes to building strength, flexibility, and coordination. As beginners progress through these moves, they will gain confidence and grace, setting the foundation for more complex routines in the future. With dedication, practice, and the guidance of experienced coaches, beginners can embark on an exciting journey of rhythmic gymnastics, exploring the beauty and artistry that this sport has to offer.