How Many Ballet Feet Positions Are There?

The Fundamentals of Ballet

Ballet, an elegant and sophisticated form of dance, has captivated audiences for centuries. One of the essential elements that sets ballet apart is the precise positioning of the feet. These positions serve as a foundation for dancers to execute fluid movements with grace and precision. In this blog post, we will delve into the fascinating world of ballet foot positions and explore how they contribute to creating stunning performances.

A Brief History

To understand the significance of ballet feet positions, it’s important to acknowledge their historical roots. Ballet originated in 15th-century Italy before flourishing in France during the Renaissance period. Over time, it evolved into a highly stylized artform characterized by intricate footwork and elaborate choreography.

The Five Classic Positions

In traditional ballet training, there are five fundamental foot positions known as “the five classic positions.” Each position plays a crucial role in establishing proper alignment and control throughout various movements.

1) First Position:
The first position requires standing upright with heels together while turning out both feet from the hips. The toes should be pointing outward without any tension or strain on knees or ankles.

2) Second Position:
In second position, dancers step apart from first position by sliding one foot’s length sideways while maintaining turned-out legs and aligned heels. The arms can either be held low or extended gracefully.

3) Third Position:
Third position involves placing one heel against another foot’s arch while keeping both legs turned out naturally at hip distance. This lesser-known position is often used as a transitional stance between other more common ones.

4) Fourth Position:
For fourth position, dancers move one leg forward so that its heel aligns with the instep (arch) of their back leg. Both legs remain fully turned out throughout this pose which helps enhance balance and stability.

5) Fifth Position:
Considered the most challenging position, fifth position requires one foot to be placed closely against the other foot’s heel. To maintain this alignment successfully, dancers must exhibit exceptional control over their turnout and balance.

Additional Positions

While the classic five positions form the foundation of ballet technique, there are also several additional positions that expand a dancer’s repertoire and versatility.

1) Sixth Position:
The sixth position is a combination of first and second positions where one foot is placed in front of the other with a slight overlap. It offers increased flexibility in transitioning between movements while maintaining proper alignment.

2) Seventh Position:
Seventh position combines fourth and fifth positions by moving one leg forward into fourth position while simultaneously placing the back foot against its instep (arch). This position allows for unique possibilities when executing complex turns or jumps.

3) Eighth Position:
Eighth position builds upon seventh by rotating both legs inward from seventh position’s stance. Though less commonly used, eighth provides an alternative placement for various advanced techniques such as intricate pirouettes or dynamic leaps.


In conclusion, ballet feet positions serve as essential building blocks for dancers to achieve mastery in their craft. The five classic positions provide a strong base upon which dancers can develop strength, flexibility, balance, and artistry. As they progress through their training journey, dancers may also explore additional positions like sixth, seventh, and eighth to further enhance their skills. By understanding these fundamental concepts of ballet foot positioning, we gain deeper insights into appreciating the timeless beauty that ballet brings to life on stage.